The monsoon season delivers four-fifths of the country's precipitation. The rainy season start at the end of the month of June. Bihar is one of the coldest regions in India with an average daily high temperature of only 26 degrees centigrade. |- These are the spring season (Sanskrit: vasanta), summer (grīṣma), monsoon season (varṣā), autumn (śarada), winter (hemanta), and prevernal season[27] (śiśira). Nearly one fourth of the country’s plant species are found in Kerala. ; From march to june the climate is beautiful. Winter highs in Delhi range from 16 to 21 °C (61 to 70 °F). Hill stations, such as Ootacamund ("Ooty") in the Western Ghats and Kalimpong in the eastern Himalayas, with average maximum temperatures of around 25 °C (77 °F), offer some respite from the heat. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. Areas near the Himalayan foothills receive heavy rainfall whereas those eloigned from them are hot and dry. [64] Officially, 9,803 people died from the storm;[63] unofficial estimates place the death toll at over 10,000. Temperatures typically range from–2 °C to 40 °C, but can reach 47 °C (117 °F) in summer and −4 °C in winter. Regional variation in rainfall across India. Find detailed kerala weather report, rainfalls, Monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the kerala state. Snowfall increases with elevation by up to several dozen millimetres per 100 metre (~2 in; 330 ft) increase. [5], Tectonic movement by the Indian Plate caused it to pass over a geologic hotspot—the Réunion hotspot—now occupied by the volcanic island of Réunion. AREA 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)CAPITAL ShimlaPOPULATION 6,856,509LANGUAGE Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi,Dogri, Kangri and KinnauriBEST TIME TO VISIT March to JuneClimate• Avg. The monsoon typically breaks over Indian territory by around 25 May, when it lashes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. 1 Answer. Though the absolute number of tourist reaching Uttarakhand is much more than to that of Himachal Pradesh. Kerala 1. In southern India, the temperatures are higher on the east coast by a few degrees compared to the west coast. Image Credit: Madan Dmad for Himachal Watcher. Around the end of the century, most parts of India will likely face more and more severe droughts. BRAINLIST ME IF YOU TAUGHT IT WAS HELPFULL AND ALSO FOLLOW ME Excess, erratic, or untimely monsoon rainfall may also wash away or otherwise ruin crops. [20] Karnataka is divided into three zones – coastal, north interior and south interior. Complete List of the most important Temples in Himachal Pradesh. Punjab experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. But it is seen that in 13 states and UTs, the percentage of children in rural areas breastfed within an hour of birth was greater than urban areas. [32] Eastern India's climate is much milder, experiencing moderately warm days and cool nights. As the Sun's vertical rays move south of the equator, most of the country experiences moderately cool weather. Such anomalies have occurred during a sustained warm spell that began in the 1990s. In most parts of India, this period marks the transition from wet to dry seasonal conditions. Answer Save. With the coming of the Carboniferous, global cooling stoked extensive glaciation, which spread northwards from South Africa towards India; this cool period lasted well into the Permian. [12][14] Four major climatic groupings predominate, into which fall seven climatic zones that, as designated by experts, are defined on the basis of such traits as temperature and precipitation. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. Snowy Landscape: Parts of Himachal Pradesh Experience Snowfall on Wednesday Wet Conditions to Continue over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka Until January 9; Heavy Rains, Thunderstorms In … There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). In some parts of India, the failure of the monsoons results in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields. Natural lakes in Himachal Pradesh: Click here to read . The state’s economy is dependent upon the Keralites sending remittances from Gulf countries, tourism, and the robust IT sector that has emerged strongly in the last decade or so. [69] Nevertheless, ENSO events that have coincided with abnormally high sea surfaces temperatures in the Indian Ocean—in one instance during 1997 and 1998 by up to 3 °C (5 °F)—have resulted in increased oceanic evaporation, resulting in unusually wet weather across India. New Delhi: Himachal Pradesh became the fifth Indian state — after Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Kerala — to confirm cases of avian flu after 1,800 migratory birds were found dead in the state’s Pong Dam Lake in the Kangra district. [90] A 2018 study projects droughts to increase in Northern and North-western India in the near future. [24] In terms of environmental lapse rate, ambient temperatures fall by 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for every 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) rise in altitude. But the climate differs from place to place. [94], Severe landslides and floods are projected to become increasingly common in such states as Assam. The heavy rains in July and August cause a lot of damage resulting in erosion, floods and landslides. [39] These inflows ultimately result from a northward shift of the local jet stream, which itself results from rising summer temperatures over Tibet and the Indian subcontinent. Map showing winds zones, shaded by distribution of average speeds of prevailing winds. The rest of North India, including the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Madhya Pradesh almost never receives snow. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. [29] The five Himalayan states (Jammu and Kashmir in the extreme north, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh) and Northern West Bengal experience heavy snowfall, Manipur and Nagaland are not located in the Himalayas but experience occasional snowfall; in Jammu and Kashmir, blizzards occur regularly, disrupting travel and other activities. the Himalayas continue to rise from plain areas to the Hilly areas. Altitude affects the temperature to a large extent, with higher parts of the Deccan Plateau and other areas being relatively cooler. The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has classified the soils into five types, taking into consideration the climate and the altitude. Activities For Couples. About 4500 m, is perpetual snow. Himachal & Tourism. The rainy season starts at the end of the month of June. The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Kerala and Himachal Pradesh is 2,326 km= 1,445 miles.. [22] In most of this region, there is very little precipitation during the winter, owing to powerful anticyclonic and katabatic (downward-flowing) winds from Central Asia. Though they provide rice paddy farmers with a largely dependable source of natural irrigation and fertilisation, the floods can kill thousands and displace millions. Kullu trout is a famous dish of Kullu region which is prepared with trout fish. Sharp temperature contrasts between sunny and shady slopes, high diurnal temperature variability, temperature inversions, and altitude-dependent variability in rainfall are also common. The Western Ghats, including the Nilgiri Range, are exceptional; lows there can fall below freezing. The mountain ranges prevent western winter disturbances in Iran from travelling further east, resulting in much snow in Kashmir and rainfall for parts of Punjab and northern India. The zone, a transitional climatic region separating tropical desert from humid sub-tropical savanna and forests, experiences temperatures that are less extreme than those of the desert. Also, you can expect occasional showers any time during the year. Despite the Himalayas being a barrier to the cold northerly winter winds, the Brahmaputra valley receives part of the frigid winds, thus lowering the temperature in Northeast India and Bangladesh. The void left by the jet stream, which switches from a route just south of the Himalayas to one tracking north of Tibet, then attracts warm, humid air. | 10% The state of Himachal Pradesh is spread over an area 55,673 km 2 (21,495 sq mi) and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab on the southwest, Haryana on the south, Uttarakhand on the southeast and Tibet on the east. Himachal Pradesh : The state of Himachal Pradesh is a land of climatic extremes the region on the south slopes of the Himalayas bears the brunt of the monsoon and is wettest from July to early September. [58] Parts of the Western Ghats also suffer from low-intensity landslides. [40] This system intensified to its present strength as a result of the Tibetan Plateau's uplift, which accompanied the Eocene–Oligocene transition event, a major episode of global cooling and aridification which occurred 34–49 Ma. Less and less precipitation falls, and vegetation begins to dry out. Kerala has a humid tropical climate with 120-140 days of rains. Dust and black carbon, which are blown towards higher altitudes by winds at the southern margins of the Himalayas, can absorb shortwave radiation and heat the air over the Tibetan Plateau. [9], More recently, in the Holocene epoch (4,800–6,300 years ago), parts of what is now the Thar Desert were wet enough to support perennial lakes; researchers have proposed that this was due to much higher winter precipitation, which coincided with stronger monsoons. Climate. Tourism can be of different types i.e. In eastern India, monsoon onset dates have been steadily advancing over the past several decades, resulting in shorter summers there.[23]. Prevailing westerlies carry aerosols along the southern margins of the sheer-faced Tibetan Plateau towards eastern India and the Bay of Bengal. The landscape lushes green and fresh. |- Words fail to define the mixture of different cultures one can see here. [78] Before this, the highest reliable temperature reading was 50.6 °C (123.1 °F) in Alwar, Rajasthan in 1955. On the other hand, Ladakh is a mountainous region of Jammu and Kashmir. In the weeks before the monsoon temperatures are similar to the above, but high humidity makes the air more uncomfortable. Average annual rainfall is 300–650 millimetres (11.8–25.6 in), but is very unreliable; as in much of the rest of India, the southwest monsoon accounts for most precipitation. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. South India gets more humid due to nearby coasts. | Up to 800 m This may have contributed to the global Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, which caused India to experience significantly reduced insolation. the thermometer goes up to 88°F°C and it rains about 6.1in each month. The 1737 Calcutta cyclone, the 1970 Bhola cyclone, and the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone rank among the most powerful cyclones to strike India, devastating the coasts of eastern India and neighbouring Bangladesh. 3 years ago. Elevated carbon dioxide emissions also contributed to the greenhouse effect, causing warmer weather that lasted long after the atmospheric shroud of dust and aerosols had cleared. Temperatures are higher in the east and south. [36] Notably, a higher frequency of such disturbances in April correlates with a delayed monsoon onset (thus extending summer) in northwest India. Find detailed kerala weather report, rainfalls, Monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the kerala state. Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. Between the two monsoon seasons, the temperature remains cool in most parts of Kerala. Shown below are temperature and precipitation data for selected Indian cities; these represent the full variety of major Indian climate types. From north to south it is approximately 240 km. [73][74] However, temperatures on Siachen Glacier near Bilafond La (5,450 metres or 17,881 feet) and Sia La (5,589 metres or 18,337 feet) have fallen below −55 °C (−67 °F),[75] while blizzards bring wind speeds in excess of 250 km/h (155 mph),[76] or hurricane-force winds ranking at 12—the maximum—on the Beaufort scale. Haryana's climate resembles other states of the northern plains: extreme summer heat of up to 50 °C and winter cold as low as 1 °C. 027MBA 2NDSEM.“AB” GROUP 2. While a truncated stone corner protects the wooden beams, a wooden peg known as kadil helps in keeping solid wood beams in place. Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) Summer begins in March and ends in May, and winter begins around November and remains until February. With a yearly average of 26 degrees the climate is very warm, but has only a very few tropical and humid months. The double-skinned walls with the air gap between two parallel wooden beams filled … Crops- Rice, Spices, Banana, Tea, Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber 2. |- Highs range from 23 °C (73 °F) in Patna to 26 °C (79 °F) in Kolkata (Calcutta); lows average from 9 °C (48 °F) in Patna to 14 °C (57 °F) in Kolkata. Climate in South India is generally hotter and extremely humid than North India. [92] Temperature rises on the Tibetan Plateau are causing Himalayan glaciers to retreat, threatening the flow rate of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, and other major rivers; the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers depend on these rivers. Thousands of people have been displaced by ongoing sea level rises that have submerged low-lying islands in the Sundarbans. The extreme north of West Bengal centred on Darjeeling experiences snowfall, but only rarely. THAT IS A RELIGION not … Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary is a very beautiful and of course a widely visited wildlife sanctuary in Kangra, the heart of Himachal Pradesh.It lies right at the northern and southern sides of the mighty Dauladhar mountain ranges. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). There is a large diurnal range of about 14 °C (25.2 °F) during summer; this widens by several degrees during winter. It begins in April and continues till the beginning of October, when the monsoon rains start to fall. Both have their own similarities and differences. 2) Most of western Rajasthan experiences an arid climatic regime (Hot desert climate). Monsoon season in Kerala comes twice a year. [16] Most rainfall occurs between May and November; this moisture is enough to sustain lush forests and other vegetation for the rest of the mainly dry year. [42], The southwest monsoon arrives in two branches: the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. [13] The region averages 800 millimetres (31 in). [citation needed], 3) East of the Thar Desert, the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate. Further climatic changes 20 million years ago, long after India had crashed into the Laurasian landmass, were severe enough to cause the extinction of many endemic Indian forms. Monsoon rains impact the health of the Indian economy; as Indian agriculture employs 600 million people and comprises 20% of the national GDP,[4] good monsoons correlate with a booming economy. December and January are the coldest months, with the lowest temperatures occurring in the Indian Himalayas. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. Kerala Climate and Seasons | Kerala Tourism Kerala enjoys three major seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. [18] However, parts of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Mumbai also receive minor precipitation from the north-east monsoon. Winter lasts from late November till mid March. Air pollution, which reflects sunlight, and irrigation, which cools the air by evaporation, have counteracted climate change since 1970. [96][97][98] Meghalaya and other northeastern states are also concerned that rising sea levels will submerge much of Bangladesh and spawn a refugee crisis. [2], During the Triassic period of some 251–199.6 Ma, the Indian subcontinent was part of a vast supercontinent known as Pangaea. [12] The Himalayas, along with the Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan, prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. [13] Simultaneously, the Thar Desert plays a role in attracting moisture-laden southwest summer monsoon winds that, between June and October, provide the majority of India's rainfall. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October. Once the monsoons subside, average temperatures gradually fall across India. 4.4 Tourism: Figure for the year 2011-12 depicts that better infrastructural facilities are available in Himachal Pradesh to attract Tourists. It occupies a region of scenic splendor in the western Himalayas, offering a multitextured display of mountains, gorges, thickly forested valleys, lakes, fields, and streams. The state is known all over the world for its rich biodiversity. Himalayas - Himalayas - Climate: The Himalayas, as a great climatic divide affecting large systems of air and water circulation, help determine meteorological conditions in the Indian subcontinent to the south and in the Central Asian highlands to the north. Based on the Köppen system, India hosts six major climatic sub types, ranging from arid deserts in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rain forests in the southwest and the island territories. These hot winds greatly affect human comfort during this season. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. Most of Northeast India and much of North India are subject to a humid subtropical climate. [89] There is only a small increase in the frequency of heat waves, which contrasts with most regions of the world. The rainiest months are July and August. Minimum temperatures in western Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh hover around 10 °C (50 °F); in the southern Deccan Plateau, they reach 16 °C (61 °F). The northeast monsoon, which begins in September, lasts through the post-monsoon seasons, and only ends in March. Traditionally, North Indians note six seasons or Ritu, each about two months long. The most exciting things to do during these seasons are to cruise in the houseboats on the backwaters of Kerala, to see the beauty of sunset from Kovalam beach during summer, boating in the Thekkady lake, trekking in the highlands of Kerala during winter etc. December to March are the driest months, when days with precipitation are rare. | 10% | Climatic conditions Its capital city is Shimla. | % of total geographical area different between Uttarakhand and Himachal. Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. The origin of the people of Himachal Pradesh dates back to the period between 2250 and 1750 BC during which the people of Indus valley civilization occupied the state. This is a question to the people of India as well as Indian diaspora in North America, Europe & Australasia. Frigid winds from the Himalayas can depress temperatures near the Brahmaputra River. | Hilly and mountain ranges On average, a major (Category 3 or higher) cyclone develops every other year.[61][62]. Onset dates and prevailing wind currents of the southwest summer and northeast winter monsoons. On the other hand, Ladakh has a total area of about 33,554 square miles. Manali climate summary The Manali lies on 1949m above sea level The climate in Manali is warm and temperate. | Lahaul Spiti and Kinnaur range The climate of Uttar Pradesh varies from Temperate in Eastern Uttar Pradesh to Extreme in Western UP to Semi Arid in Bundelkhand and Agra zone. These are based on the astronomical division of the twelve months into six parts. In Bihar in middle of the Ganges plain, hot weather sets in and the summer lasts until the middle of June. What is your idea of an ideal honeymoon tour? It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. Relief comes with the monsoon. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO. In the past, droughts have periodically led to major Indian famines. These conditions, not hostile actions, caused more than 97% of the roughly 15,000 casualties suffered among Indian and Pakistani soldiers during the Siachen conflict. Languages. Noticeably drier than areas with a tropical monsoon climate, it prevails over most of inland peninsular India except for a semi arid rain shadow east of the Western Ghats. It is a tropical land with, generally, pleasant climate. In December, the coldest month, temperatures still average around 20–24 °C (68–75 °F). The highest temperature is often registered in May which is the hottest time. Avalanches occur in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Though the Tropic of Cancer—the boundary that is between the tropics and subtropics—passes through the middle of India, the bulk of the country can be regarded as climatically tropical. | 30% The spring season starts from mid February to mid April. The young age of the region's hills result in labile rock formations, which are susceptible to slippages. Rainfall is varied, with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. Heavy snow falls by the end of November and high elevation treks are impossible until late March when the snows melt. In Himachal Pradesh, Summer lasts from mid April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in alpine zone which experience mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F). [21] The summer months of May and June are exceptionally hot; mean monthly temperatures in the region hover around 35 °C (95 °F), with daily maxima occasionally topping 50 °C (122 °F). | Cool temperature with humidity The marinated fish is cooked in the minimal spices to keep the nutrients and the original taste of Trout intact. These include the Bengal famine of 1770, in which up to one third of the population in affected areas died; the 1876–1877 famine, in which over five million people died; the 1899 famine, in which over 4.5 million died; and the Bengal famine of 1943, in which over five million died from starvation and famine-related illnesses. Low Hill Soil Zone: This Hill Soil Zone extends up to an elevation of about 900 metre. [57] Rising population and development pressures, particularly from logging and tourism, cause deforestation. Temperatures of 50 °C (122 °F) and higher have been recorded in parts of India during this season. Himachal is a mountainous region, rich in natural resources. Climate- Moderate, Hot, Humid, Rainy season 3. They are rare, however; only several dozen have been reported since 1835. The climate varies from hot and subtropical humid (450–900 meters) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 meters) in the northern and eastern elevated mountain ranges. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. 027MBA 2NDSEM.“AB” GROUP 2. Explore Shimla's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Climate in north India is generally hotter than south India whereas the South India gets more humid due to nearby coasts. [93] A 2007 World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) report states that the Indus River may run dry for the same reason. [91], Sea level rise, increased cyclonic intensity, increased ambient temperatures, and increasingly fickle precipitation patterns are effects of climate change that have affected or are projected to impact India. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg. [37] A product of southeast trade winds originating from a high-pressure mass centred over the southern Indian Ocean, the monsoonal torrents supply over 80% of India's annual rainfall. On the other hand, Kerala as a coastal state has a tropical climate consisting of summer and monsoon. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. To the west, in Gujarat, diverse climate conditions prevail. See what kind of activities you … This is underscored by India's vast coal reserves—much of it from the late Paleozoic sedimentary sequence—the fourth-largest reserves in the world. | 800m-1,600m Between the months of january and february the climate is correct. | Rainfall in mm. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Direct exposure to the heat that comes with these winds may be fatal. The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers to distend their banks, often flooding surrounding areas. Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. [95] Ecological disasters, such as a 1998 coral bleaching event that killed off more than 70% of corals in the reef ecosystems off Lakshadweep and the Andamans and was brought on by elevated ocean temperatures tied to global warming, are also projected to become increasingly common. Dates and prevailing wind currents of the month of June damage to crops... Over Delhi by 29 June retreating from North India are subject to dry! Average daily maximum temperatures range between altitudes of 450 to 900 meters above level! Were disrupted by the end of November, after the southwest monsoon normally withdraws from Bihar in eastern. ] before this, the effects of which are susceptible to slippages the conditions! 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