In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberenjena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). Nutritional Facts of Brinjal: Brinjal has nutritional facts which entice the attention of nutritionists. Also, this word is colloquially used in the Indian sub-continent. ... Capsicum, chilli, tomato are the main hosts, but also on many other crops, e.g., bean, eggplant, papaya, mango and avocado. brinjal is extensively cultivated in all the districts as a major cash crop in an area of 0.17 Lakh ... with non insect pest red spider mite (Teranychus macfurlanei Baker) were the major pests. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. Spider Mites. Spider mites feed by penetrating the plant tissue with their mouthparts and are found primarily on the underside of the leaf. A Levantine specialty is makdous, another pickling of eggplants, stuffed with red peppers and walnuts in olive oil. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. [64], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. [26] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. Also, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown. [56], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. Common Name. Over 175 species of insect and mite pests have been recorded from the vegetable crops ecosystems with their common and scientific names, orders, families and pest status (key / major, minor and occasional). In the La Mancha region of central Spain, a small eggplant is pickled in vinegar, paprika, olive oil, and red peppers. [11] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. Crop: Brinjal. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. Some of my readers from the UK will probably want to … They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[39] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). lasiocarpum.[64]. ... Other Names of Eggplant. aubergine; International Common Names. Ask your question. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. Ash weevils: Myllocerus subfasciatus, M. discolor, M. viridanus, M. maculosus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera) Damage symptoms. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. Populations usually decline as temperatures warm in spring. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. [49], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. Eggplant or Brinjal (Solanum melongena) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. It is commonly found at low densities in southern California and San Joaquin Valley growing regions. The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild,[10] or in Africa. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.[38]. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black. [60] Veg recipes of India. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. [53], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. The Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Persian as bādingān. and Solanum melongena var. 10. * According to FAO in 2012, China ranks first in the production of brinjal (58% of world output) and India ranks second(25%), contributing 13557.8 million tonnes to the world production. k16455315 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! BRINJAL :: MAJOR PESTS :: ASH WEEVILS. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa)[4][5] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Eggplant in Indian Languages. Little leaf of brinjal is known to cause heavy economic losses in India. In the tropics and sub-tropics. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. The eggplant is quite often featured in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum. Tetranychus species. Eggplant in Indian Languages. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:34. The modern Hindustani words descending directly from the Sanskrit name are baingan and began. Hosts Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most common and popular vegetable crop throught India. Study on the phytophagous mites and their … The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[23] a term first attested in 1811. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, https://tompepinsky.com/2005/06/20/etymology-of-the-eggplant/#:~:text=In%20Malaysia%2C%20lots%20of%20the,but%20in%20Malaysian%20it's%20brinjal, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[6][7][8] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. Petioles are so short that leaves seem to be glued to the stem. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). Maharashtrian Vangi Bhat recipe. [64], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. The scientific name of Brinjal is Solanum melongena. It belongs to the family Solanaceae. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. Variant names Common name: Brinjal, eggplant. [29], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[30]. [25], Whereas eggplant was coined in English, most of the diverse other European names for the plant derive from the Arabic word bāḏinjān (Arabic: باذنجان‎). In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). Bionomics Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. [24] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Brinjal scientific name is Solanum Melongena and hails from Solanaceae family. Shoot and Fruit borer . Brinjal Introduction Scientific Name : Solanum melongena L. Family : Solanaceae * It is often described (under the name "baingan" or"brinjal") as the "king of vegetables". In some cases the synonyms have also been given. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. Stuffed with meat, rice, or pickled then baked for about 2 weeks and about! 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