To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Because of that high growth rate and a substantial reduction in infant mortality in the 20th century, there has been a significant increase in the proportion of young adults and children. The available Zinc status in Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh, Ballia, Ghazipur and Jaunpur are low. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Subsequently, Soil moisture in August was sufficient to provide a conducive environment for the crops to grow, however, the pockets which were dry in earlier months still had the low moisture hence making the … Several species, such as lions from the Gangetic Plain, have become extinct. A traditional village in Uttar Pradesh is a cluster of mud huts with roofs made of thatch (such as straw) or clay tiles and few amenities of modern living. On January 26, 1950, when India became a republic, the state was given its present name, Uttar Pradesh (literally, “Northern State”). Main entrance to the Hindu temple at Badrinath, Uttar Pradesh, India. Arsenic in the soil and water of eastern districts of Uttar Pradesh (Ballia and Ghazipur) was estimated. Area 93,933 square miles (243,286 square km). Uttar Pradesh: Gold, silver coins unearthed from soil mining field Revenue department officials rushed to the spot and interrogated the farm owner and its labourers. Periodic failure of monsoons results in drought conditions. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into three distinct hypsographical regions : However, the soils in Ghazipur, Jaunpur, Varanasi, Deoria and Gorakhpur districts rated high in Zinc status. Microwatershed Atlas of Uttar Pradesh: District [Lucknow] Click on Watershed area for more information It lies in the north-central part of the country. (iii)South-Western Plains- In spite of a relatively high proportion of arable and irrigated cropped area, land productivity in the southwestern plains of Uttar Pradesh is low. The Ganges and its main tributaries—the Yamuna, the Ramganga, the Gomati, the Ghaghara, and the Gandak rivers—are fed by the perpetual snows of the Himalayas. The major soil type found in Uttar Pradesh is Alluvial soil. Uttar Pradesh: The state has 16.81 million ha of cultivated area, constituting 70% of the total geographical area. This website belongs to Department of Agriculture & Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. Man selling guavas in the town of Balrampur, flooded by heavy monsoon rains, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2007. Forests are generally concentrated in the southern uplands. Soil Science, National Seminar, Dec. 27-30, 2000, Nagpur. Average high temperatures in Lucknow range from about 70 °F (low 20s C) in January to over 100 °F (38 °C) in May and June. Agra, in the western part of the state, is the site of the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (ruled 1628–58) in memory of his wife; it is the most famous tourist attraction in India. This website belongs to Department of Agriculture & Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India About 90 percent of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon, lasting from about June to September. Survey results revealed that arsenic in soil samples ranged from 5.40 to 15.43 parts per million (ppm). Director, Environmental Sciences, Tetra Tech, Inc., San Bernardino, California. Annual rainfall in the state ranges from 40–80 inches (1,000–2,000 mm) in the east to 24–40 inches (600–1,000 mm) in the west. Soil fertility status in some soils of Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh, India, along with Ganga canal command area Pramod Kumar, Ashok Kumar, B. P. Dhyani, Pardeep Kumar*, U. P. Shahi, S. P. Singh, Ravindra Kumar, Yogesh Kumar, Amit Kumar and Sumit Raizada Uttar Pradesh is bordered by the state of Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, the state of Bihar to the east, the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast, the state of Madhya Pradesh to the south, and the states of Rajasthan and Haryana and the national capital territory of Delhi to the west. The Average fees of the colleges is ₹ 40,000 The soils were essentially saline in Orissa and Kerala state, distributed in the coastal, deltaic plains and mud flats/mangrove swamps. In what state is Bengaluru? The image shows the soil moisture map for Uttar Pradesh state. As per the reports, after the police had gone, people were again digging and sorting out the soil in search of treasure. Soil and Land Use Survey of India Department of Agriculture ,Cooperation and Farmers Welfare Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Government of India. The vast majority of the people, including members of all levels of the caste hierarchy, are Hindus. Much of the area of Uttar Pradesh is covered by a deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving rivers of the Ganges system. soil investigation for construction of proposed 33/11 kv sub station at jaun samana, maripat, greater noida in uttar pradesh client m/s noida power company ltd. greater noida february-2018 prepared by sanguine consultants rz-456/13, tuglakabad extension new delhi-110019. Explore India’s vibrant geography and history with this quiz. The zone receives, on an average 907 mm rainfall, the climate is dry sub-humid to semi-arid and the soil is loam to sandy loam. Seventeen percent soils are medium in available Potassium status, and four percent soils high Potassium. It has had not only a plethora of lushly landscapes, rivers but the rich heritage of cultural elements were also nurtured. See instructions, UPPCS Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, UPPCS Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Uttar Pradesh :Natural hazards and other related Aspects, 15.12.17 Uttar Pradesh (UPPCS) Current Affairs, General Studies Paper I- UPPCS Mains Updated Syllabus, UPPSC Mains Exam Question General Studies Paper I- 2019, Syllabus and Pattern of UPPCS Prelims Exam. Omissions? The elevation of that region rarely exceeds 1,000 feet. The major coverage of alluvial soil in further grouped as saline alkaline- soils, Karail soils and Bhatt soils. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Lucknow, the state capital, is about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Kanpur. The population of Uttar Pradesh continues to grow at a high rate. Coauthor of. Toward the end of the 19th century, dire poverty and the promise of better opportunities forced many people of the region to emigrate to distant lands, such as South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, and the West Indies. Soil moisture in Uttar Pradesh during July, 2017. Soils of Uttar Pradesh in Hindi उत्तर प्रदेश के पश्चिमी क्षेत्र में सहारनपुर, मेरठ मुजफ्फरनगर, बिजनौर, मुरादाबाद, पीलीभीत बरेली जिले में एक तरह की मिटटी है. A day after chief minister Yogi Adityanath’s announcement, the state cabinet amended the UP minor minerals (mining) Rules 1963 to fix zero royalty rate on digging of soil in Uttar Pradesh. The soils in the southern part of the state are generally mixed red and black or red-to-yellow. Soil Health Strengthening- Program for implementation of tehsil level soil testing laboratory is being implemented with the objective to soil testing of land holdings of farmers in distant rural area of the state. Much of the area of Uttar Pradesh is covered by a deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving rivers of the Ganges system. Soils of Bulandshar, Meerut, Muzaffarpur, Hamirpur and Banda districts are highly deficient in available Zinc. Those extremely fertile alluvial soils range from sandy to clayey loam. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India. (2011) 199,581,477. Rig Vedas had its origin in this soil of Uttar Pradesh. This is followed by a study of the technology of reclamation, the in-. Pop. Get details info on courses, placements, college admissions, cutoffs, address, contact, latest news and updates. The Chambal, the Betwa, and the Ken, originating from the Vindhya Range, drain the southwestern part of the state before joining the Yamuna. The Soil of Uttar Pradesh. The state can be divided into two physiographic regions: the central plains of the Ganges (Ganga) River and its tributaries (part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain) and the southern uplands. To preserve its wildlife, the state has established several game sanctuaries. Those extremely fertile alluvial soils range from sandy to clayey loam. Soils of recent alluvium, Ganga plains and uplands, central lowlands, Yamuna uplands and Kanpur districts are rated medium to high in available Sulphur. Soils of Unnao, Hardoi, and Farukhabad are low in available Iron status. of years in which samples are to be collected & tested No. of months in a year in which samples can be tested No. Kanpur, located in the central portion of the state, is the premier industrial city of Uttar Pradesh. The state is well drained by a number of rivers originating in either the Himalayas to the north or the Vindhya Range to the south. As the economy is mainly based on Uttar Pradesh agriculture, 65% of the population rely on agricultural. economic profile of the villages covered. Its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. This is the official Website of Remote Sensing Applications Centre Uttar Pradesh that provides online information about the centre, its research activities, its scientific manpower, its division, facilities provided by the centre and about geo portal. On November 9, 2000, the state of Uttaranchal—the 27th state of India—was carved out of Uttar Pradesh, and in January 2007 the new state changed its name to Uttarakhand, meaning “northern region,” which was the traditional name for the area. The Rumi Darwaza, or Turkish Gate, in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Delhi lies on which river? Impact of reclamation on physical and physico-chemical properties of sodic soil in Gangetic basin of Uttar Pradesh (2000) Ind Soc. The southern uplands form part of the highly dissected and rugged Vindhya Range, which rises generally toward the southeast. Western Uttar Pradesh, is a region in India that comprises the western districts of Uttar Pradesh state, including the areas of Rohilkhand and those where Khariboli, Braj and Kannauji are spoken. uppsc state/upper subordinate services exam admit card 2020/ uppsc upper subordinate 2020 admit card. Uttar Pradesh, the most populous and fourth largest state of India. In the early 21st century it had an overall population density of more than twice the national average. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Most urban inhabitants live in cities with populations of more than 100,000. A much tinier proportion of the people are officially classified as Scheduled Tribes (generally applied to indigenous peoples who fall outside the predominant Indian social hierarchy). Villages near the cities, however, are likely to have cement-plastered homes, paved roads, and electricity. Ghat on the Yamuna River at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India. agriculture, olericulture, horticulture etc in Prayagraj (Allahabad) Uttar Pradesh were analyzed in 2018-19. The presence of keratinophilic fungi in the Usar soils of Uttar Pradesh, India indicates that these fungi do occur at higher alkalinity. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The authorsfirst present a socio-. ... • Amelioration of 1.3 million ha of sodic soils along with introduction of salt tolerant varieties of . Soils in most of the districts of Uttar Pradesh are low in available Nitrogen, forty one districts have low in available. Situated between 23°52'N and 31°28'N latitudes and 77°3' and 84°39'E longitudes, this is the fourth largest state in the country in terms of area, and the first in terms of population. The culture of Uttar Pradesh is a cradle of Indian traditional customs and practises . Annual analysing capacity of one lab (number of samples) Technical Staff (Analyst) Supporting Staff (Attendant) Available Potassium  is low in twenty nine districts. Availability of Iron in the soils varied in the following order Hill > Alluvial >Vindhyan > Bundelkhand >Tarai. How many countries border India? Urdu, additionally an official state language, is primarily spoken by Muslims. Uttar Pradesh Number of soil samples to be tested in 3 years No. DMPQ- . The irrigated area is over 73% and the cropping intensity is 153%. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Muslims are the largest religious minority. High temperatures of about 120 °F (50 °C) have been recorded at Gonda, northwest of Faizabad. Each of these soil groups have developed under the combined influence of a wide range of soil forming factors including climate, vegetation and parent materials. More recently, however, out-migration from Uttar Pradesh has been mainly to other parts of India, particularly to large cities such as Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), and Delhi. In the same manner the forest area of Uttar Pradesh, India, is decreasing day by day for shake of food security, survival and shelter. Yadav M.S., Lal B., Mathur Alok, Singh A.N. Phosphorus status and fourteen districts are medium in available Phosphorus (Bareilly, Moradabad, Bijnor, Farukabad, Faizabad, Bahraich, Gond, Hardoi, Lakhimpur and Sitapur). The vast majority of Uttar Pradesh lies within the Gangetic Plain, which is composed of alluvial deposits brought down from the Himalayas to the north by the vast Ganges network. Most of that area is a featureless, though fertile, plain varying in elevation from about 1,000 feet (300 metres) in the northwest to about 190 feet (60 metres) in the extreme east. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). To maintain the ecological balance in this area the forestry can only find place on sodic soils where no any crop can survive due to higher soil pH and electrical conductivity. There also are relatively small groups of Sikhs, Christians, Jains, and Buddhists. Total 2,23,046 farmers are using NaPanta for their farming activities as on 09-01-2021. Varanasi, the city most sacred to Hindus, is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. Find the list of top 7 Soil Science colleges in Uttar Pradesh based on 2021 ranking with fees. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the coastal areas, soil salinisation occurs due to … It is the relentless hard work of the farmers that keep the state safe on food supply. The Son, also originating in the Vindhya Range, drains the southeastern part of the state and joins the Ganges beyond the state borders (in Bihar). These are Bhabar soils, Tarai soils, Vindhyan soils, Bundelkhand soils, Aravali soils and Alluvial soils. Distribution of fungi in soil samples. With most of the rainfall concentrated during that four-month period, floods are a recurring problem and can cause fatalities and heavy damage to crops and property, particularly in the eastern part of the state. It is estimated that about 1 per cent of the total area of the state is under the problem soils like saline, saline-alkali and non saline alkali soils mainly occurring along the sea coast, streams and are usually interspersed in black, red and alluvial soils. All 3 types of alluvial soil such as riverine, coastal and deltaic alluvial soil are found in UP.As it is widely known, UP takes the chunk of Indo Gangetic plain and Uttarakhand was also a part of it not long ago. Soil Testing Laboratory Detail. https://www.britannica.com/place/Uttar-Pradesh, Official Tourism Site of Uttar Pradesh, India, Uttar Pradesh - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). This type of soil can be found in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab and also in some parts of Gujarat. UPPCS Prelims and Mains Notes-UPPSC Test Series, Six well defined and distinct soil groups differing from one another in their geological formation and pedogenic. The soils in the southern part of the state are generally mixed red and black or red-to-yellow. The climate of Uttar Pradesh is the tropical monsoon type, with warm weather year-round. vestments, the costs of cultivation, yields, break even and profitability calculus. Meerut, northeast of Delhi, is an important centre of transportation, trade, and industry. Hence i am discussing alluvial soil … Allahabad (on the site of the ancient holy city of Prayag), located at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, is another city sacred to Hindus. Differentiate between the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president of India. Follow the link to get detailed information of Top 16 M.Sc in Soil Science Colleges In Uttar Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. Subscribe our Test Series program to get access to 20 Quality mock tests for UPPSC Preparation. Among the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh are Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, and Allahabad. Uttar Pradesh : Soils Six well defined and distinct soil groups differing from one another in their geological formation and pedogenic characters have been recognized. The vernacular Hindustani is widely understood. Click Here for Mains Test Series and Notes, Click Here for Mains Printed Notes (With COD), Hope we have satisfied your need for UPPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to UPPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any UPPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! The soil moisture maps are available daily at a spatial resolution of 500 m. The developed near real time soil moisture is helpful for: Early warning of […] Some one-fifth of the state’s people are classified officially as Scheduled Castes (formerly called “untouchables”; groups that officially occupy a low position within the caste system). The region has some demographic, economic and cultural patterns that are distinct from other parts of Uttar Pradesh, and more closely resemble those of Haryana and Rajasthan states. The map is prepared by merging microwave and optical satellite data using the algorithm developed by us. characters have been recognized. Hindi is an official language of the state and the mother tongue of most of the people. The Gangetic Plain supports the overwhelming majority of the state’s population. usar (alkaline soils) land in Tanyawan block of Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh. ph:26052881, 9810166713. These are Bhabar soils, Tarai soils, Vindhyan soils, Bundelkhand soils, Aravali soils and Alluvial soils. Animals of the region include tigers, leopards, elephants, wild boars, and crocodiles, as well as pigeons, doves, wild ducks, partridges, peafowls, blue jays, quails, and woodpeckers. It is known UP Bhulekh record, that U.P takes a lot of alluvial soil. Abstract Physico-chemical properties of soils from different land use systems viz. The rural settlements are characterized by compact villages in the western part of the state, groupings of hamlets in the eastern part, and a combination of the two in the central part. In water samples, it ranged from 43.75 to 620.75 parts per billion (ppb) which far exceeded the permissible The majority of the state’s population lives in rural areas. Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the north-west, Haryana and Delhi on the west, Rajasthan on the south-west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on south-east and Bihar on the east. The sex ratio also has improved and since the early 21st century has exceeded 900 females per 1,000 males. The vegetation of Uttar Pradesh consists mostly of scrub. DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? 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